Santa Cruz is situated on the edge of Monterey Bay and is known for its coastline, redwood forest, moderate climate and natural enviroment. Home to several beaches and state parks Santa Cruz is also known for the Santa Cruz Beach Boardwalk which has been open since 1907.
Also known as Surf City, Santa Cruz has a population of 65,000 residents in a total area of about 15.83 square miles. Santa Cruz has mild weather throughout the year, experiencing a warm-summer mediterranean climate characterized by cool, wet winters and warm, mostly dry summers. Due to its proximity to Monterey Bay, fog and low overcast are common during the night and morning hours, especially in the summer.
Santa Cruz was the location of Spanish settlement beginning in 1791, including Mission Santa Cruz and the pueblo of Branciforte. Following the Mexican–American War of 1846–48, California became the 31st state in 1850. The City of Santa Cruz was incorporated in 1866 and chartered in April 1876.
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